How to store photographs correctly is an important question. It is particularly important when trying to keep old family photos in decent shape. In today’s digital world the storage needs for images is vastly different from those of a traditional photo. Take the first images created in the early 1800’s. These images were on a polished silver or glass sheet. Therefore, they have unique needs, different than a modern photograph. Despite their differences most photographs have similar handling and storage needs. Also, there are three very damaging conditions for photo images. Avoid these conditions when storing photos of any kind. The conditions are direct sunlight, moisture, and extreme temperature changes. These all will cause damage to your stored photographs. How to store photos correctly depends on the type of photo it is.
First, let us look at how to safely handle a photograph. When handling photographs of any type be sure to have clean dry hands. Do not touch the image. Use cotton, lint free gloves for the best protection. It is best to handle photos by their edges. Particularly because the natural oils in our fingertips will break down the photograph over time. Likewise, keep food, drinks, and children away from the images.
Next, there are some general things you can do to protect an image. For example, use a number 2 pencil to write information on a photograph. Markers and ink pens will bleed through the image over time. Also, the chemicals in the ink will damage the image. Number 2 pencils are graphite and will not bleed though to the image and will last forever. Then protect the image in an acid free sleeve and store where the temperature and humidity are controlled. Climate Controlled Self Storage is an ideal solution for photograph storage.
Types of Antique Photos and How to Store Them:
From 1840 until 1860, these photos were popular. The mirror-like image is on a polished silver sheet. These photos are small, typically 2.75 inches by 3.5 inches, with a protective case. They are fragile and should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Direct sunlight and extreme temperatures will cause damage. Therefore, climate-controlled storage is best for these photos.
From 1855 until 1865, brought the popularity of the Ambrotype photograph. The image is created on a glass sheet instead of the polished silver sheet. The other difference is that they do not have the mirror-like reflection. Plus, they are kept in a hinged case. Climate controlled storage is recommended because these images are fragile.
1855 until the 1900’s, tintypes were popular. They were on iron plates instead of glass or polished silver sheets. Tintypes were durable which is why they were popular for over 30 years. The tintype started out with hinged cases but soon were kept in paper sleeves or envelopes. They had delicate surfaces that could scratch easily.
Cartes des Visites (kärt də vēˈzēt)
From 1859 through 1870, Cartes des Visites was in demand. Cartes des Visites are albumen printed and mounted on thick paper. Albumen printing is egg white and silver nitrate spread on a paper. This forms a light sensitive layer. A glass negative is put on the paper and light is cast over the image. These were popular during the Civil War.
From 1860 through the early 1920’s, cabinet cards were the photograph of choice. They were larger than the Cartes des Visites. Although, the images were created the same way, stiffer cards were used. This allowed the photographer’s information and advertising to be applied to the back.
In 1900, Kodak introduced the first camera to be sold to the public. This changed photography, it became a popular hobby for many. With this change came another challenge on to how to store photographs properly.
How to Store Modern Photographs
After the introduction of the Brownie Camera photography equipment and technology changed quickly. One thing that has not changed is the process to protect them. All the rules above still apply today to any printed photograph. With the introduction of photo albums and scrapbooks came a new threat to photos. Many of the papers or sleeves used were not archival safe. The glue in the photo corners used to secure photos to the paper caused damage. Over time better acid-free paper and photo safe glues were developed. Therefore, when shopping for an album or scrapbook check that it is acid-free. Protecting photos before storage is as important as when they are being stored.
First let us look at storage solutions. Today there are a lot of storage containers for photos. Acid-free boxes, plastic totes, photo albums, and scrapbooks to name a few. As mentioned above, be sure to check that all options are archival safe. The last thing anyone wants is to accidentally ruin photos in storage because the wrong method was chosen.
Next, is the proper way to store pictures in their box. Standing the photo up protects the image. Stacking the images one on top of the other causes warping and the images to stick together. Standing keeps them safe from warping over time. If the box cannot be filled so everything is standing, use a filler to keep them on their edge. If you must stack the images, only stack a few on top of each other. Always keep the negatives with the photos if one becomes damaged it can easily be replaced. Hint: using an acid-free index card as a divider helps keep the images organized and protects them from sticking together.
Last, knowing light, moisture, and temperature all cause damage over time, choosing the best location is important. The attic is not a good place due to the wild temperature changes that happen. Likewise, the basement will have moisture issues. A closet inside the house will work but the best option is climate-controlled storage. Climate-controlled storage is kept within the correct temperature and humidity range. In other words, to protect your photos choose climate-controlled storage.
How to store instant/polaroid images.
As photography advanced along came the instant photo. It was wildly popular because you had your image instantly or within a few minutes. The film came coated with the chemicals needed to process the image. This presented a different problem because the chemicals could dry out over time. It was recommended to refrigerate the film to slow down or prevent this from happening. Freezing the film did not extend the life of the film instead it caused the chemicals to crack inside the film. Once the picture was taken it slowly developed. The colder the film was when the photo was taken, the better the quality of the picture was after it developed. The cold film slowed down the chemical process.
Correct storage of these instant images was important to maintaining them. It soon became apparent that light and heat where the biggest dangers. Heat and sunlight caused the images to warp and change color. If left exposed to these conditions long enough the image would disappear from the photo. Therefore, the ideal storage is in an album or upright in a box protected from light and heat. A dark closet or a climate-controlled storage unit are the best options for storing instant photos.
How to Store Digital Photography
In 1990 an innovative technology joined the photography family. Digital photography debuted and took the world by storm. Within ten short years it was on every cell phone. This put a camera in the hands of 7.26 billion people worldwide today. With the development of digital images, no longer did you have to wait for the film to be developed. The image was available instantly. It did not cost anything to develop it nor to share it. They could easily be manipulated with photo editing software to create stunning images.
This overabundance of images held its own issue. How do you store so many images safely? First, each device has a storage card. It was easy to download the images onto a computer for safe storage. But was it truly safe? Computers can die and with it all your important photos. As a result, hard drives separate from the computer were developed. Now you could download all the thousands of photos onto an external hard drive and keep them safe.
Next, there are many thoughts on the proper storage of digital images. One such rule is to keep the original SD card from the camera or phone. Use the little tab on the side to lock the card so it cannot be overwritten. This can be expensive if you take hundreds of pictures a day. Therefore, the next rule might work best for you.
Second method is to download the images onto a computer. Organize them, then copy them onto the external hard drive. This method works best if you take many pictures every day. The thought is if you lose the SD card, the image is on your computer. If the computer dies the image is safe on your external hard drive.
Lastly, if every image is not a keepsake for you, choose the best image or images of the day. Then delete the others. Have the best image printed or developed. Then download the images onto your external hard drive. Display your best or store them with the external hard drive. This brings up a good question, where is the best place to store an external hard drive?
External hard drives have a few enemies. The number one is static with moisture being a close second. Store external hard drives in an anti-static storage bag. Once in the bag they can be stored anywhere. The only exception is if you are storing an original with the hard drive if so, choose an appropriate location for the safety of your original.
As seen photography has been popular for hundreds of years. Therefore, preserving the images across the ages is important. Keeping all forms of photography safe is important for having images to show to future generations. The best option is climate-controlled storage to preserve the past for future generations.
Self-storage organization can save time and frustration. Imagine opening a self-storage unit and easily finding the item you are looking for. The only way this will happen is with organization. Most storage units are not organized, nothing is more frustrating than needing something and it is in a box at the back of the unit. Recovering this item requires emptying the unit to find the item then packing it all back into the unit. Who has time for this? Therefore, organization of a self-storage unit saves time and frustration.
Organize for Resale Business
First step is to determine the size unit you will need. A space estimator guide (found here) is a great tool to help determine the correct size self-storage unit. Next decide how much extra space you want. Then choose the unit size that will allow you the level of access you need. As a reseller you may need to access the storage unit daily. Being ultra-organized will save you time and money. Lastly decide how you will organize with shelves, labels, and bins.
Now that you have an idea how you want it set up work up a plan-o-gram. A plan-o-gram is a diagram of where items are on a shelf. A plan-o-gram is a terrific way to know where items are located. A plan-o-gram will be labeled in sections and shelves will be numbered as well as the bins will need to be numbered. For example, the first section of the shelves could be labeled A, the next section B and so forth. Then each shelf in the section could be numbered 1, 2, 3 and so on. The bins could be numbered the same way. Therefore, if you were looking for an item and it was in Section C, self 3, bin 5 you would know exactly where to go to find that item. This is a huge time saver. Imagine having to spend hours looking through bins to find an item. Instead have a plan of organization that will help you spend less time looking and allow more time for shipping and selling. In other words, taking the extra time at the beginning to set up a system will save you time and money on the other end. Safety hint: store heavier items on the bottom shelves.
Organization for an Individual
The same method of organizing will work for an individual as well. The only difference is that you could label the boxes and decide that Section A is for Kitchen items. All kitchen items will then be stored in section A. Next Section B could be the living room boxes. As you build each section label it with the room being stored on those shelves. Therefore, the plan-o-gram would be simpler.
The benefits will far outweigh the cons. Imagine having to find the gift your sister gave you for your last birthday. She is coming for a visit and will expect to see her gift in use. Sisters are like that sometimes. The gift is in self-storage, and you have no idea what box it is in. This might require hours to empty the unit and go through the boxes looking for her gift. Imagine instead knowing it is in Section G and the box it is stored in is clearly labeled on the outside. Having a plan sure saves time and frustration.
Now it is time to move into a new home. The next benefit of having a highly organized self-storage unit will be very evident on moving day. All the boxes for the kitchen will be together and clearly labeled. The moving company, if using one, can clearly see that the box belongs in the kitchen. This saves time and your money.
Lastly, having an organized self-storage unit for a reseller is a necessity. The time it saves translates into money. Having an organized self-storage unit as an individual is purely a convenience. If you have the time to spend looking through boxes for items you need, organization will not be necessary. But if you are a busy person and have little time for a game of hide and seek with your possession’s organization is critical. Therefore, having an organized self-storage unit will save you time and frustration.
Heat pump dryers are new in the United States, but heat pump dryers have been in use in Europe for a while now. Heat pump technology has been around since the 1940’s and has evolved. Now many appliances in the home have this technology. Whether it is a heating/cooling system, hot water heaters or a heat pump dryer this technology is saving money and reducing our carbon footprint. Let us face it the savings alone with most of these systems saving 50 to 60% in energy usage is reason enough to consider this technology for any new appliance purchase. While each of these systems save money, they all have a few drawbacks as well. Therefore, do some research before making the final decision.
Heat Pump Dryer Technology
Heat pump dryers use the same technology for drying clothes as a heat pump water heater does for heating water. The air is pulled into the unit and heated via a compressor then forced at a higher temperature into the drum. This pulls air across the clothes which dries them. The water in the moist air is collected when the air is passed back through the compressor to complete a cycle. The water is deposited in a compartment for easy removal and emptying. Some larger heat pump dryers offer a drain tube which can be installed to drain into any septic system.
The removable compartment is a great option as the collected water can be used to water plants or any number of other uses. This saves water and is handy in areas where water consumption is of consideration. The compartment needs to be emptied after a few loads. If this is not in your lifestyle then it would be best to choose to install the drain tube which will automatically drain any water collected. The drain tube can be installed into the washer drain or into a sink drain.
Another notable feature of the heat pump dryer is that it does not require a vent to the outside. This means that it can be used in small areas including a closet. Along with the fact most can be plugged into a 110 outlet. While other dryers require a 220 outlet. These features open a whole new world of possibilities for dryer ownership.
As a bonus the clothes dried in a heat pump dryer are softer and have less wrinkles due to the type of heat produced. This helps save money because clothes do not wear out as quickly and need replacing. Towels and sheets are super soft and feel like new.
Heat Pump Dryer Things to Consider
Some things to consider before purchasing a heat pump dryer. This technology takes longer for clothes to dry. Therefore, if you have a large household with a lot of laundry the heat pump dryer may not be a viable choice. The average drying time is between one to two hours depending on the size of the load and the type of material being dried. Also, the drum size is smaller than electric or gas dryers.
Secondly, the upfront cost is higher for a heat pump dryer. The typical cost of an electric dryer is between 500 and 750 depending on the features of the dryer. The typical cost for a heat pump dryer is between 1,000 and 1500 depending on the features of the heat pump dryer. While the upfront cost is higher the energy savings help offset that cost and eventually recover some of the added expense.
Thirdly, heat pump dryers have a secondary filter to collect lint. This extra lint filter will require being cleaned after every 5th load of laundry. The one closest to the drum will need to be cleaned before every load. In addition, the compartment where the condenser is located needs to be vacuumed or brushed once a month. Keeping the lint filters and compressor clean help reduce drying times and keep the efficiency level high.
Lastly, if the incorrect amount of laundry detergent is used to clean the laundry a smell may develop. This smell can be removed by a secondary rinse and adjusting the amount of laundry detergent being used. Buildup on laundry can go unnoticed in a conventional dryer and cause clothing to deteriorate faster. Once the correct laundry detergent is gauged the second rinse can be discontinued.
To summarize, making the decision to purchase a heat pump dryer will help the environment as well as reduce the cost of drying clothes. Saving money and helping the environment is a win, win situation. Make sure a heat pump dryer will work for you and your schedule. If the maintenance will not fit into your schedule choose a different option. Knowing the pros and cons will help you make the right decision.
Finding a local mover has many considerations to explore before deciding which one to hire. First, it is best to remember that each situation is unique. No move is like any other move. Second, there is no cookie cutter formula to finding the best local mover. It will take finding the best local mover for your situation. While each situation is different there are some basic questions that should be addressed before deciding. In other words, finding the best local mover is purely a personal endeavor.
First step is to do a little research online. Especially in this day of technology most movers are online or have a website. Spend a little time researching local movers and checking their website for reviews. Reviews are a terrific way to gauge how a mover interacts with their clients. The website can also be a great resource for what information should be gathered before making a call. Once the research is finished, start calling local movers for more information before deciding
What information is needed before calling a local mover.
Concise information is critical to a mover. Having most of the information before you call will save valuable time for both of you. So, what kind of information should you have ready? In addition to the obvious information such as name, address, phone number, date of move, and destination a mover will need a general idea of the type of contents being transported. Equally important is if any of the belongings are oversized such as a pool table or grand piano. Not only will this require additional help but may require specialized tools to move them. Oftentimes when thinking about contents to be moved the garage and basement are overlooked or the self-storage units are forgotten. Remembering these additional spaces will help the local mover provide a more accurate estimate. Therefore, having all the information will save time and result in a better estimate.
What questions should be asked before deciding on a local mover?
Before calling the potential mover, have a list of questions ready to ask. Remember each situation is unique and add any questions needed to cover your situation. Some of the most important questions to ask are:
Do they have their local license? Typically, each state has some sort of licensing. There are seven states that have no license requirements. Maine is one state that has no license to be a local mover. Be sure to verify if your state has a license requirement and if the mover has a current license. To help avoid a fraud situation, request a copy of the license for your records.
What insurance do they carry? Like the local license it is best to request proof of insurance for your protection.
Do they have a cancellation policy? If so, what is it? This is important as situations do arise that are out of our control. Knowing ahead of time about any charges will avoid a surprise if something does interfere with the move.
What type of payment options do they offer? Most local movers require a deposit on a job. Others might offer a 3 pay program. Each local mover will have their own payment plan. In addition, know what types of payments they will accept.
Would they prefer to pack any specialty items like televisions or other electronics? A local mover will oftentimes offer this extra service as added protection against damage. Due to the fact they could be held accountable for this damage. As experts they have the knowledge to protect delicate electronics.
Additionally, these questions would be important. How to contact the mover during the move? If they have references. How long do they estimate the move will take and what is their current availability? As each situation is different there may be other questions to ask.
Deciding is a personal matter
Cost can be the biggest determining factor when choosing a local mover. Sometimes the lowest estimate is not the best deal. Other determining factors may make cost a secondary aspect of the decision. In other words, the unique needs of this move may require a mover with more experience. Therefore, all the information that has been gathered should be examined to help you decide on the best local mover for your situation.
Once a local mover has been chosen, things to expect
A reputable mover will want to do a walk through to give an accurate estimate of the cost. There are a few situations where it may not be necessary. If the contents of the move are already in a self-storage unit. The local mover would know without looking what size truck would be needed based on the unit size and type of contents. Furthermore, they would know how many workers to send to complete the job easily. In general, most moves require a walk through.
Next a local mover may require you to sign a contract with them for the move. This is a wonderful opportunity to review the contract and ask any questions to clarify what is expected from each party. As always, read the contract in its entirety before signing.
Then expect a follow-up call a few days before the scheduled move. Good movers are busy. Therefore, do not panic if no contact happens between the signing of the contract and the few days prior to the move. Whenever your situation changes, contact the mover as soon as possible. Additionally, contact the mover the day before the move if you have not heard from them. At this time, it would be prudent to discuss any specific needs such as the self-storage unit being loaded first as it is going to be stored at another location.
The big day has finally arrived. The local mover you chose has arrived. Now what? Communicate with the supervisor any specific needs discussed at the pre-move phone call. Then trust the experts and let them do the job you hired them to do. The best thing to do is let the supervisor know where you will be, in case there are any questions. They know how to load the truck to keep everything safe, it is why you hired them.
Hybrid heat pump hot water heaters do not generate heat like a conventional hot water heater. Instead, they use electricity to move heat from one place (ambient air) to another (hot water tank). To move heat, they work like a refrigerator only in reverse. Hybrid heat pump hot water heaters use the air around the unit to generate the energy needed to heat the water but at a higher temperature conversion rate. Therefore, heat pump hot water heaters are more energy efficient than conventional hot water heaters. Increased efficiency means lower energy bills and greater savings over the life of the heater. Typically, 20% of electric bills are for heating hot water, a hybrid heat pump hot water heater cuts the cost of producing hot water by 73%, thus saving money.
How Hybrid Heat Pump Hot Water Heaters Work:
Heat pump technology has been around since 1948 and over the years has seen major improvements. The units are smaller, quieter, and more efficient than before. In 1948 American inventor Robert C Webber was experimenting with his deep freezer system and accidently burned his hand on the outlet pipe of the cooling system. As inventor minds go, he worked on a way to utilize this wasted heat. Before long, the first heat pump was built and used to heat his house and provide hot water for his family. Since then, technology has advanced, and the first large systems are now smaller and are more efficient.
Heat pump technology uses the ambient air around the system to heat or cool homes and businesses. Ambient air by definition; is air immediately surrounding of or relating to the immediate surroundings. The principle is the same as how a refrigerator cools but in reverse. A heat pump uses a compressor to take heat from the surrounding air and transferring it into a room. It uses this same principle to transfer heat at a higher temperature rate into the storage tank to heat water. Whereas a refrigerator uses the compressor to remove heat from the inside of the refrigerator and transfer it out into the air. Heat pump hot water heaters have a backup system of resistance elements. Resistance elements are used in conventional hot water heaters. The elements will be used when the ambient air temperature in the room is not high enough to operate the hybrid heat pump hot water heater efficiently. The ambient air temperature range for heat pump hot water systems is between 40°F (4.4°C) to 90°F (32.2°C).
What Size Hybrid Heat Pump Hot Water Heater?
Hybrid heat pump hot water heaters come in a variety of sizes. Which one will work best will depend on usage and family size. First determine the typical usage of the household. Is there a dishwasher, washing machine, how many showers a day are all things to consider before purchasing a system. Once there is a general idea of the type of usage choose the one that will suit those needs. If in doubt chose the next size up to be safe.
The most popular sizes for heat pump hot water heaters are 50-, 66-, and 80-gallon systems. The 50-gallon system is best for a two-person household. Then the 66-gallon system will work for a three to four-person household. Lastly the 80-gallon system is best for households of five or more people.
Settings and Features
Each system has a user interface or control panel. This easy to operate panel controls temperature settings, mode of operation, and diagnostic error reporting as well as providing the user with several programming options. Many have up to 99 programmable days available. This provides the user with many options for ultimate savings.
The modes are Efficiency, Hybrid, Electric, and Vacation. First, Efficiency Mode is when the system relies on heat pump technology or the compressor only to heat the water. Next, Hybrid mode will automatically adjust between the compressor and elements to match the demand for hot water. This means it will use the compressor to heat the water but when the demand is greater it will switch to the heating elements to meet the demand. The next setting is Electric Mode. Electric Mode is using the elements only which is the same as a conventional hot water heater. Lastly is the Vacation Mode. Vacation Mode drops the temperature of the water to 60 degrees. This will save money while away from the house for extended periods of time. It will also offer freeze protection while away.
Heat pump hot water heaters are insulated with an environmentally friendly non-CFC foam insulation. CFC is Chlorofluorocarbons which are used to propel the foam insulation onto a surface. They are recognized as a major contributor to ozone depletion. The Stratospheric ozone layer affected by the CFC’s helps protect the Earth and us from harmful ultraviolet rays. Therefore, the heat pump hot water heaters help save on electricity and protect the Earth from ozone depletion.
Another environmentally friendly aspect is the type of refrigerant used in self-contained heat pump units such as hot water heaters. The heat pump unit situated at the top of the hot water heater uses environmentally friendly R134a refrigerant. This type of refrigerant has zero ozone depletion. Lastly, each system has a safety feature called a dry fire protection control. This system checks to ensure water is present before firing the system. Therefore, it protects from burning up the elements prematurely.
Warranty and Other Useful Information
A conventional hot water heater typically last 8 to 12 years with the average warranty being about 6 years. The hybrid heat pump hot water heater typically last 13 to 15 years with a 10-year warranty. Not only does the system last longer, but the warranty also gives 4 extra years of peace of mind. As a bonus many manufacturers are offering rebates which helps reduce the price difference between a conventional hot water heater and the heat pump technology systems.
UEF is used to determine the efficiency of any electrical appliance. UEF stands for Uniform Energy Factor. In this case the UEF is the percentage of energy turned into hot water. The higher the UEF number, the unit will be more efficient and the less it will cost to operate. As an example, the typical UEF for electric hot water heaters is .65 – .95 and a hybrid heat pump hot water heater is 3.42 for a 50-gallon system, 3.52 for a 66-gallon system, and 2.73 for the 80-gallon system. Therefore, it is 300% more efficient than the conventional system resulting in lower heating cost.
How does a hybrid heat pump hot water heater last longer than a conventional system? Inside each system are anode rods. Anode rods attract the contaminants such as minerals and sediment in the water which protects the tank from corrosion. The ones inside the hybrid system are made with a stainless-steel core which last longer and offers better protection against corrosion. Inside the 66 and 80-gallon tank are two rods doubling the protection.
Things To Consider:
A hybrid heat pump hot water heater is taller than a conventional hot water heater. Make sure it will fit in the space designated. While the heat pump hot water heater is great for basements or garages it is best to remember that they are electrical equipment and generate noise. If installing in a small space, which can be done with an air duct adapter kit, think about if the noise will be bothersome. The noise is equivalent to a window A/C unit running. The systems become less efficient the lower the temperature is, therefore, if the area goes below 40°F consistently, it might be better to locate it in another place. Lastly, a little regular maintenance such as washing the filter will go a long way to keep the system running efficiently. Filter maintenance is minimal but important. Two times a year take a damp cloth and wipe the filter, then rinse it under running water and allow to air dry. This simple step will keep the filter clean and the system running efficiently.
Hybrid heat pump hot water heaters, while more expensive to purchase, offer greater savings on electricity cost. Thus, paying for themselves quickly. Deciding to use a heat pump hot water heater has many benefits and a few things to consider before purchasing. In other words, make sure a heat pump hot water heater will meet the hot water needs before purchasing. As always, use self-storage to help with any remodeling projects.
Storing electronics has its own challenges. Electronics covers a broad range of items; each type require their own storage needs. At one time electronics was a small selection of items like televisions, radios, and computers. Today there are electronic components in most of the items we use on a regular basis. Now it includes refrigerators, coffee pots, washers, dryers, air fryers, game systems as well as the traditional items. Therefore, it is best to store electronics according to manufactures recommendations. What if the original paperwork is missing or gone. There is some general guidance that can keep expensive electronics safe during storage.
Prepare For Storage
Firstly, if it has data and can be backed up, do it. Nothing is worse than storing a drive or gaming system and something happens during storage that wipes out the saved games, data, or digital photos. In other words, the best practice before storing electronics is to back them up if possible.
Secondly, before storing electronics they should be cleaned. Use a can of compressed air known as “canned air” and blow the dust and dirt from all electronic components. This may require removing the cover to access cooling fans and circuit boards. If not comfortable removing the cover take to a local technician who can clean it before storage. Next wipe down all screens with an antistatic cleaner. This will prevent dust from sticking to the screen while in storage.
Next, remove all cords, wipe them down to clean. Label and store the cords either in a separate tote or use a Ziplock bag and keep them with the electronic equipment it goes to. Use the method that works best for you.
Lastly, when storing electronics protect them. During transport and moving into the storage area is when the biggest risk of damage can occur. Bubble wrap provides an extra layer of protection. Cover all vents or access points to prevent dust from invading the equipment. If the original packaging is available this would be the best way to protect the electronics during storage. Keeping electronics protected should be the top priority.
Choosing Correct Storage
To store electronic equipment properly a few simple questions will decide the correct storage choice. What is the climate like? What time of year is it being stored? How long will it be stored? These are all important questions to ask before deciding where to store electronics.
Firstly, is it hot and humid where the electronics will be stored. If the answer is yes, only store electronics in climate-controlled storage. Moisture is bad for electronic equipment. It will cause corrosion, rust, short-circuiting when the device is used again. Humidity can cause an array of malfunctioning on electronic parts. Therefore, if storing electronics in humid climates only use climate control storage.
Next, what if the climate is cold or storage will be over freezing winter months? Most electronics are better off stored in cool, dry environments. The only exception to this general rule is if there is a chance of freezing. Do not store where freezing may occur. Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) have the greatest risk of freezing which causes irreversible damage. LCD are commonly used for flat screen televisions, computer monitors, digital cameras, and camcorders, plus an array of handheld video game systems. Other places LCDs are used is for video projection equipment and electronic billboards. Chances are the screen on the refrigerator, stove, clock, or DVD player are all LCD. Protecting these expensive items when in storage is important. In other words, do not store any LCD devices where there is a chance of freezing.
Lastly, how long will the electronic equipment be in storage? If it will be in storage for a long time only consider climate-controlled storage. The longer it is exposed to big temperature swings, the greater the chance for damage. As mentioned, moisture and dust are the most damaging to electronic equipment in storage. Hence the need for a climate-controlled storage unit. The unit will be regulated so no big temperature fluctuations will happen. In climate-controlled storage if will not have a chance to freeze protecting all the LCD items.
If stored improperly
What to do if electronics are stored improperly. First, allow the equipment to warm up to room temperature over a few days’ time. This will allow all the moisture that will condense on the circuits to evaporate. Next, inspect the equipment for any visible signs of damage before using. Then use canned air to remove any debris and dust from the equipment. Afterwards, clean the unit to prevent mold and mildew from growing in the warmer temperatures. Lastly, plug in and watch for any malfunctions before putting back into use. Monitor for the next several days for any changes in functionality. If it malfunctions unplug and replace before it becomes a fire hazard. In other words, use caution when using electronics that have been stored improperly.
To summarize, storing electronics properly requires a little knowledge about the environment in which it is being stored, plus some simple maintenance to prevent damage. When we know that dust, moisture, and temperature play a vital role in keeping electronics safe, storing properly becomes a necessity. Protect your electronic investment with proper storage.
When the check engine light comes on what do you do! The answer depends on several factors: firstly, is the light flashing? Secondly, is your vehicle running any differently? Thirdly, did you recently fill your tank with gas? What does number three have to do with anything? One of the most common codes tripped by the diagnostic system and stored in the onboard computer is “small evaporation leak.” This code is commonly caused by an improper gas cap seal or a broken gas cap. Therefore, tightening the gas cap will make the check engine light go out if this was the reason for the code.
Check Engine Light is Flashing
When the check engine light is flashing it is a sign of a significant issue. The flashing light is to gain your attention. Do not ignore this warning. The onboard computer is letting you know that something serious is wrong with the vehicle. Sometimes this will cause loss of power, known as “Limp Mode.” Limp mode is your vehicle protecting itself from severe damage. When this happens do not push your vehicle. If you are towing something, unhitch and slowly proceed to your mechanic or call a tow truck. It would be highly recommended to call the tow truck as any strain on the engine could cause more damage.
Issues that cause a flashing check engine light range from transmission issues to catalytic converter problems or failure. The most severe issue would be a total engine failure. Each issue puts you and your vehicle in danger, if you ignore the flashing red light on the dashboard. Therefore, in the case of a flashing check engine light, call the garage immediately. A certified mechanic can diagnose the problem with his OBDII scan tool. OBD stands for on board diagnostics tool, it communicates with your onboard computer where the codes have been stored.
There are many handheld OBDII tools available for personal use. A certified mechanic has thousands of dollars of diagnostic equipment plus their years of experience to assist them. Therefore, they are the best option for a flashing check engine light.
NOTE: If the check engine light is normally yellow but now is orange or red. The red is the same as a flashing check engine light. Not all vehicles display the same symbol. It is best to know by checking the owner’s manual for the current vehicle.
Is The Vehicle Running Differently
Is the vehicle running any differently? If the answer is no, set up an appointment to have the vehicle diagnosed. The mechanic will attach the code reader to the onboard computer via a port under the dashboard and retrieve the codes. Some of the most common codes are O2 sensor failure, Large Evap leak, misfires and MAF air flow sensor failure. Oftentimes the evaporation leaks will require a “smoke test” which is simply a smoke machine attached to the evaporator system and smoke blown through the tubes and connectors. Smoke will escape through any breaches in the system, alerting the mechanic to the precise location of the problem. Replacing the worn or broken parts will save money in fuel costs and help fix any performance problems.
If the answer is yes to the question, is the vehicle running any differently. Do not wait, call your mechanic immediately. This issue is more serious than a weak sensor or random misfires. It could be failed coils, wires, a transmission speed sensor or a MAF mass air flow sensor. A failed MAF sensor will dramatically influence performance and can cause more damage if not replaced.
Four Common Issues Explained
Four common components that cause most of the codes in a system are MAF sensor, O2 sensor, coil/wires and Evap system. Oftentimes codes are not singular but have two or more that surround a component. This is where the knowledge a certified mechanic has, comes in handy. Knowing how an engine works with all the components helps narrow the issue down for the mechanic. If the code is a singular code than more than likely that specified component has failed.
Mass Airflow Sensor
Mass Airflow Sensor (MAF) sits on the top of your engine between the air filter and the intake manifold. It measures the air flow going into the engine, relaying this information to the on-board computer (ECM) which in turns delivers the correct amount of fuel to the engine for peak performance. The ECM will also use the MAF readings to determine when the transmission shifts. If the MAF is not working properly it may cause the transmission to shift differently. MAF sensors can be contaminated with debris, water, or even packed with snow during a storm. Cleaning the MAF sensor is a delicate task and should only be done by a mechanic. The components are delicate. When the MAF sensor fails the engine might not start or start and instantly stall. Another issue will be poor acceleration and odd shifting patterns for the transmission.
Oxygen Sensor aka O2 Sensor
O2 sensors measure the amount of oxygen that is unburned in the exhaust/emissions system. They survive in temperatures over 800 degrees and tend to fail, on average, around 50,000 miles of use. Most newer cars have 4 oxygen sensors. They work together to monitor the emissions system for issues that will affect performance and emissions. If you need to pass an emissions test for inspection and your oxygen sensors are not working properly you will fail the inspection. Non-working sensors will cause increased emissions and lower performance in an engine.
Miss Fire Issue
Coil and wires are a common reason for a misfire code. Once these systems are compromised the only solution is to replace them. Misfiring can cause damage to the engine oftentimes catastrophic, if left unchecked. A misfire is when the fuel in a cylinder is left unburned or partially burnt. This will cause a hesitation in the running of the engine. There are other components in the system that can cause a misfire so it is best to have a mechanic diagnose the problem.
EVAP Leaks Large and Small
The EVAP system, or evaporation system, is the emissions control system. The EVAP system is a sealed system of lines, valves, connectors, and a gas cap. This system recirculates the gasoline vapors in the system thus preventing them from escaping into the atmosphere. When something goes wrong in the system it is categorized as a small or large EVAP leak. A sizable percentage of small EVAP leaks can be the result of a poorly seated gas cap. If removing the gas cap and installing it correctly does not fix the check engine light it could mean any one of the many parts of this system have failed. This will require a smoke test to determine which part or parts need to be replaced. If these parts are not replaced expect to lose fuel via evaporation and a constant check engine light on the dashboard.
Whether it is a common check engine light issue or a severe issue never ignore a check engine light on the dashboard. A check engine light is the vehicles computer or monitoring system alerting that something is not right. Taking care of a little issue now could save the engine from catastrophic failure. In other words, when the check engine light comes on call a garage and make an appointment for a proper diagnostic before it is too late and the engine is ruined. Having peace of mind is worth the trip to the mechanic.
6 Safe Driving Tips In Ellsworth Maine
Ellsworth is one of Maine’s fastest growing cities, with a land mass of over 79 square miles the potential for greater development is possible. Ellsworth has seen consistent growth and development over the last years.This progress has produced an increase in traffic and traffic related accidents. So how do you stay safe on Ellsworth’s streets and roads? Follow these six safe driving tips to avoid traffic accidents.
#1 Safe Driving Tip: Distracted Driving Numbers Rise
Stay alert, put away the distractions. Things like cell phones, umpiring the argument in the backseat, checking your hair or putting on makeup while driving, all lead to your attention being on something other than the road. Remain alert and aware of your surroundings at all times. If the distraction demands your attention, pull off the road, deal with the situation before you continue driving. Being distracted is the leading cause of traffic accidents.
#2 Safe Driving Tip: Safe Travel Distances
Space, space can save lives. Leaving enough room between your vehicle and the one in front of you can make a huge difference when avoiding a traffic accident. The average person requires 0.25 seconds to react to a situation. The few extra seconds of space between your vehicle and the one in front of you, allows you the time to react and avoid a collision.
#3 Safe Driving Tip: Looking Ahead
Looking ahead and not just at what’s immediately in front of you is a great defensive driving skill. Watch three or four cars ahead of you for telltale signs of brake lights or upcoming turns. Seeing the whole picture of what’s going on around you can help you make better driving decisions. This forewarning of traffic changes will help you safely navigate the roads.
#4 Safe Driving Tip: Enter and Exit Safely
When entering traffic flow or crossing lanes to exit the road, be aware of the speed vehicles are traveling. Allow enough time for you to enter or exit the highway safely without hesitation. When in doubt don’t pull out! Intersections create their own hazard zones. Expect the unexpected when approaching an intersection and slow down. Racing the yellow light to make it through the intersection can turn into a bad situation quickly.
#5 Safe Driving Tip: Safe Speed For Current Road Conditions
Speed plays an important role in safety. When the road conditions are less than optimal, slow down. Water, snow, wet leaves, dense fog and other road conditions warrant slowing your speed. Hydroplaning on a wet road can be avoided easily with a reduction in speed. No matter how good your tires are if you are going too fast on wet roads your tires will lose traction causing you to hydroplane out of control.
#6 Safe Driving Tip: Proper Two Way Turning Lane Usage
Ellsworth now has several two way turning lanes aka suicide lanes. These were designed to help traffic flow, they are not passing lanes. How do they work? When a motorist has to cross over the oncoming traffic lane they can safely move into the two way turning lane allowing the traffic behind them to continue and allowing them the freedom to wait for an appropriate break in the flow of oncoming traffic to cross safely. Using the lane inappropriately is dangerous. Not using this designated lane to turn but dashing across all the lanes can result in a collision. Using it to pass a slow motorist is an inappropriate use of the two way turn lane! If a motorist pulls into the lane and leaves the back half of their vehicle in the travel lane it becomes a huge target for an accident.
Proper Use of Two Way Turning Lane Explained
The proper way to use the two way turn lane is to turn into the lane before your exit point keeping all of your vehicle in the two way turning lane, allowing traffic to keep flowing on either side of your vehicle. This can help you when you need to cross a lane to enter traffic flow. First, pull across the first lane of traffic into the two way turn lane. Next, wait for a break to pull into the flow of the traffic headed in the direction you need to go. Therefore, saving you the time and risk of waiting for traffic to be clear in both directions then shooting across to the correct lane. In other words, if used properly the two way turn lane is the safest option for entering or exiting the road.
There are hundreds of scenarios that can arise on a drive from being caught in another driver’s blind spot during a lane change, to having the sun obliterate your vision. Each one has the potential to end in a collision. What you do and how you react will alter that possibility. Being alert at all times is your number one defense against a tragedy. Be aware of what is happening ahead of you on the road. Drive like everyone else on the road is on their maiden voyage with a learners permit. Becoming complacent and thinking everyone has driving skills and road manners like you do is a big mistake. Ellsworth is a fast growing community with increased traffic possibilities for years to come, so stay alert and be safe.
Let’s face it, a mattress is an investment. It is a financial investment for your sleep and overall health. A good mattress takes time and energy to find. Once you find a good mattress in Ellsworth, Maine, you want to protect it and extend the life of your mattress for as long as possible. So what do you do if you find you must store your mattress. What is the best self storage option for your mattress? Taking a few steps to protect your investment just makes sense. Following are four tips for storing your mattress.
Mattress Storage Tip #1: Cleanliness is Mandatory
Take a little time and thoroughly clean your mattress. A clean mattress will resist mold and mildew from developing during storage.
- Vacuum thoroughly using the upholstery attachment cleaning every crack and crevice.
- Remove stains with upholstery cleaner following the manufacturer recommendations. (See DIY methods and Memory Foam Mattress recommendations below)
- Allow to dry and sprinkle with baking soda, let it set overnight if possible.
- Vacuum baking soda off Mattress
- Flip mattress and clean the other side using steps 1-4
Certain stains require a different approach. Biologic stains like urine, blood, vomit, sweat and other bodily stains are best approached with an enzyme based cleaner. Spray enzyme based cleaner on a clean cloth and blot the stained area. Remove the cleaner with a clean cloth dampened with cold water until the stain lifts.
DIY Tip: Mix up some dish detergent and water but only apply the foam from this mixture to the stain, remove soap with a dampened cloth of cold water. Another solution is a 50/50 mixture of cold water and hydrogen peroxide. This works great on blood.
Memory foam has become the most popular type of mattress. Memory foam isn’t supposed to be wet, so clean with caution. All the methods above will work on memory foam mattresses but work on the principle; less is more. If you should accidentally use too much moisture in cleaning your memory foam mattress, sun and fresh air is the best practice for thoroughly drying before storage!
Mattress Storage Tip #2: Protection
The best protection is a plastic mattress cover. Once your mattress is dry from cleaning, install a plastic cover. This will prevent moisture from humidity or other sources from damaging your mattress. PRO TIP: add a few of your favorite scented dryer sheets in with the mattress. The fresh scent will discourage pests and be a welcome addition when you remove it from self storage.
Mattress Storage Tip #3: Self Storage Duration
A few things to consider before choosing a self storage unit, will it be a short term storage situation of 3 months or less, or will it be stored for longer. For under three months a drive up storage will work but for anything longer than that use climate controlled storage! Climate controlled storage offers greater protection against humidity. Pro Tip: If you store in an outside drive up storage unit, stop by your unit once a month and open the doors for about 15 to 20 minutes. This will change the air and allow any moisture that may have accumulated to evaporate. Unzip your mattress cover and check for any dampness, the fresh air will keep your mattress fresh smelling.
Mattress Storage Tip #4: Correct Storage
To prevent any damage to your investment it is recommended that the mattress be stored flat with nothing heavy on it. If you have room, lay the mattress on the floor and stack other mattresses on top. If you need all that space, create a flat platform with your totes and boxes to put your mattress on top of. The goal is to prevent any structural damage to the inside material. Nothing would be worse than putting the absolute most amazing mattress in storage and when you take it out, find that the boxes or other items that were stored on top of the mattress rendered it useless. What if you need all the space and laying the mattress flat is not an option. If it’s a short term storage you can prop the mattress on its side, flat against a wall. Make sure it is straight with no bends or sags! A bend of sag will damage the structural material inside your mattress. TIP: If you have a box spring you can wedge the mattress between the box spring and wall to assist in keeping the mattress straight. Speaking of box springs, they can be stored on their side as they have no coils or other structural material to damage!
When it comes time to remove your mattress from self storage, open the protective cover and air the mattress out in the sun and fresh air. Sunshine is great, the UV rays kill mold or mildew spores and any moisture that may have invaded your mattress. If by chance there is a lingering odor from storage you can retreat with baking soda. Baking soda absorbs moisture and odors! Vacuum after allowing the baking soda to sit on the mattress for several hours and reassemble your bed. Make your bed with your favorite sheets and bedding to reacquaint yourself with your favorite mattress!
Vehicle Storage comes with several questions. First, what size unit will be needed to store a vehicle? Next, what needs to be done to the vehicle before storage? Then, does the self-storage facility have any specific requirements to store a vehicle? Lastly, how long will the vehicle be stored? Knowing the answers to these questions will help decide the best choice for vehicle storage. Therefore, ask these questions before deciding on a storage unit for a vehicle.
What Size Storage Unit Is Needed For Vehicle Storage?
The best answer to this question lies with; “What size is the vehicle?’ Most people have no idea how long their vehicle is without taking a tape measure and measuring the vehicle. Is there a faster way to figure out the size storage unit needed for vehicle storage? There is! It comes down to a couple of simple questions. Is it a car or a truck? Does it have two doors or four?
If the answer is a two-door car, then the storage unit will need to be at least a 10×15. If the answer is a four-door car, then the unit will need to be at least a 10×20. Lastly, if you said a truck, the smallest unit is a 10×20 as all trucks are over fifteen feet in length. A 10 by 20 will accommodate most passenger trucks.
What Should Be Done To A Vehicle Going Into Storage?
A little prep work before a vehicle goes into storage can save time when it comes to taking it out of storage. A quick trip to the mechanic can give you peace of mind. Let the garage know this is a pre storage checkup. The mechanic will check the following things.
- Test the battery (a weak battery can go flat and freeze in the winter making it useless)
- Verify the antifreeze is at a satisfactory level for the geological location
- Change the oil (having fresh oil helps with lubrication)
- Check the tire pressures
PRO HINT: If the vehicle inspection runs out during the storage time, ask the garage to perform an inspection. Therefore, it will not be an issue when the vehicle comes out of storage
What Can The Vehicle Owner Do To Protect The Vehicle During Storage?
Now that the garage or the DIY’er has completed the pre-storage inspection, what else can be done to protect the vehicle? For added protection complete the following steps. It seems like a lot but ultimately the preservation of the vehicle while in storage is the most important thing. It will be worth the extra effort.
- Wash and wax the vehicle to protect the finish.
- Clean all food containers or crumbs from the vehicle to prevent rodents from invading.
- Add rodent protection. Use moth balls or dryer sheets in the interior and engine compartments of the vehicle. (Shaved Irish Spring Soap is another great alternative)
- Use a rubber protect on the tires to prevent cracking while in storage
- Lay down a plastic sheet or super absorbent pads under the engine compartment. (Most self-storage facilities require some sort of protection for the floor and to help protect the other tenants from leaking fluids from a stored vehicle. This protects the vehicle owner as they will be responsible for any spills)
- If using a vehicle cover be sure it is made from breathable material. Moisture trapped under a cover not breathable will cause damage to the finish.
- To prevent mold and mildew in the trunk, purchase and install some water absorbent tubes that are mildew resistant.
- Purchase and use Fuel Stabilizer.
DAY OF STORAGE:
- Fill the gas tank ¾ full and use the fuel stabilizer (this protects the gas from breaking down while in storage. Fuel starts to break down after 30 days (about 4 and a half weeks))
- Lay down the plastic sheet or absorbent pads and drive the vehicle into storage.
- Disconnect the battery unless the manufacturer recommends not to because of the onboard computers.
- Install the water/mildew absorbent tubes in the trunk as well as the rodent repellent of choice.
- Roll up the windows and use the rodent repellent of choice in the interior.
- Install rodent repellent of choice in the engine compartment.
- Verify the keys are not inside the vehicle.
- Make sure the parking brake is off, if a standard shift vehicle, that your wheels are blocked to prevent rolling.
- Cover the vehicle if using one.
- Lock the storage unit.
Are There Any Special Requirements For Vehicle Storage In A Storage Unit?
Most self-storage facilities will have specific requirements for vehicle storage. These requirements can range from proof of ownership, proof of valid insurance, pictures of any damage prior to being stored, drip pan or absorbent material under the engine area. Each storage facility will have their own requirements. It is best to check the requirements before renting a unit.
How Long Will The Vehicle Be In Storage?
This may not seem important, but it is particularly important. Vehicles stored longer than a year need extra prep at storage time. These things could be overlooked and would cause an issue when it came time to remove the vehicle from storage. Based on manufacturer’s requirements, remove battery for storage in a warm location. If the battery cannot be removed a battery tender or trickle charger will need to be installed to keep the battery charged. Check with the storage facility before renting to see if they offer units with electricity. Another major difference will be jack stands. These will alleviate the possibility of flat spots on the tires from long term storage. The weight of the vehicle can cause flat spots making the tires unusable when it comes time to drive it again. Then there is the possibility of engine rust. To prevent this, use an engine oil additive like Lucas Oil or TriboTEX Engine. These products have superior lubrication and remain on the engine components to prevent rust and dry starts. If possible, coming to start the engine periodically will prevent all the oil from draining away from the engine components and avoid rusting. While there check on the moisture tubes and replace if necessary to prevent mold and mildew. Freshen the rodent repellent when needed and consider installing small screen protectors over the exhaust and on the air intakes to prevent mice from invading your vehicle.
These steps may seem extensive but when it comes time to remove the vehicle from storage the benefits will be clear. As always before starting your vehicle remove all rodent repellent from the engine compartment and any screens used on the exhaust and air intakes. Check the tire pressures before removing jack stands or driving. In other words, doing all the prep work before storage will save time at the end of storage allowing the owner to drive away and enjoy more time on the open road.